Planning and design never take place in a context without history. History left traces in the landscape, in the institutional design of administrations, in the minds of people served by planners, in the minds of planners and designers themselves. One needs to be aware of the various manifestations of history and memory if one tries to decide how to plan, and especially how to handle old objects, places, structures. Some of these can be considered heritage by certain groups, and require a special treatment. We are interested in all the aspects of the process briefly described here: how people value places and objects, how they construct and value heritage, how planners and designers observe and handle heritage, how the use of history and heritage in planning could be changed, improved, in the context of planning organizations and planning cultures that are shaped by history and marked by path- dependencies.

Cooperation with Martijn Duineveld,, Roel During, Andre van der Zande, Wageningen University, Harro de Jong, Buroharro and Wageningen University, Patrick Devlieger, Leuven University, Petruta Teampau, Babes Bolyai University, Cluj- Napoca, Aart van Zoest, Utrecht University, Constantin Iordachi, Central European University, Budapest, Jozef Hernik, Polish Agricultural University, Cracow, Tom Bloemers, Amsterdam University.

There is the book Signs in time, on the role and potential role of heritage in spatial planning and design, where I investigated signification of place and history, as represented and non- represented in planning systems, using case studies in the Netherlands, Belgium and Ukraine.

There are a number of book chapters, e.g. an introduction in a book by Jozef Hernik, a chapter in a book edited by Roel During and Andre van der Zande, on heritage planning, a chapter in a book on landscape identity and planning (in Polish), edited by Jozef Hernik, a study on self- reference in Dutch heritage planning, in a book edited by Tom Bloemers and Arnold van der Valk. With Martijn Duineveld, I wrote book chapters on the concept of ‘intrinsic value’ in heritage planning (for a book published by Dutch governmental agency Belvedere), and on excluded amateur archaeologists in heritage planning, with a special focus on plan implementation (for book on heritage planning edited by Tom Bloemers and Arnold van der Valk). Earlier, I published a book chapter on Crimean Tatar heritage and identity, in a book edited by Arnold van der Valk and Wim van der Knaap.

A closely related line of research includes topics of social identity and social memory, since images of self, group and history shape the signification of place, the organization of space, and the possibilities for a heritage planning practice that is scientifically sound and democratically legitimate. Identity politics, social memory and heritage planning cannot be separated, an observation that was made much earlier in anthropology and geography than in planning. In this line one can place the papers investigating remembering, forgetting, policy and planning for the Danube Delta.

A paper in Journal of Urban Design investigates historical reference in landscape architecture. A paper in Journal of Place Branding and Public Diplomacy, an argument for the integration of planning and branding strategies for cultural landscapes, has to be mentioned. A paper on historical reference, interdisciplinary work and self- reference in heritage planning is published in the International Journal of Heritage Studies and a study on the shifting roles of amateur archaeologists in Dutch governance is forthcoming in Public Archaeology.

For full references and links see the Publications page.

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